WHAT IS DIABETES?
The main sugar in the body is called glucose. Most of the foods that you normally consume are converted into glucose and this is released into the blood. This sugar is transported to the cells of the body to carry energy, this process is done by means of a hormone called insulin that is secreted by the pancreas.1
When a person has diabetes, their body does not produce enough insulin, or they cannot use the insulin produced properly, so glucose stays in the bloodstream and this can cause serious health problems.1
Unfortunately, this is a chronic disease that now it is not possible to cure it, but it is completely treatable, despite how impactful it can be the beginning of the disease diabetic people can live a long, healthy and happy life.
TYPES OF DIABETES
A low percentage, approximately 5%, of the population that suffers from the disease belongs to this type of diabetes. There was a popular belief that type 1 diabetes was only a childhood disease, but it is important to know that it can occur at any age and in any race.2
This type of diabetes is characterized because the body does not produce insulin, so insulin therapy is the essential treatment.
It is considered the most common type of diabetes worldwide. This time, insulin resistance is created because the body does not use it properly, which is why a high amount of blood glucose accumulates, also called hyperglycemia.2
At the beginning of the disease the pancreas is responsible for secreting extra amounts of insulin to compensate the body, with the passage of time the amount of insulin secreted is getting smaller, being insufficient for the requirements of the body and keep it in its normal state. 3
If your doctor tells you that you have prediabetes, you still have time to reverse that diagnosis before it becomes diabetes. Pre-diabetes is a condition where glucose levels are higher than normal but have not yet reached such high values that it indicates that you are already diabetic.3
You can be prediabetic for several years and ignore it since there may not be clear symptoms that alert you that you should make changes in your lifestyle. It is important that you consider going to your doctor to check your blood glucose values if you have any of the risk factors3 that are considered in prediabetes
1. National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. (2017, diciembre 26). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/spanish/basics/diabetes.html
2. Punthakee, Z., Goldenberg, R., & Katz, P. (2018). Definition, Classification and Diagnosis of Diabetes, Prediabetes and Metabolic Syndrome. Canadian Journal of Diabetes, 42, S10-S15.
3. National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. (2019, febrero 1). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/spanish/basics/prediabetes.html