SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF ALARM
The following signs or symptoms are the classic ones to begin to think about whether I have diabetes, however, many patients fail to perceive any.4
Early detection can prevent complications of the disease.
TEST AND DIAGNOSIS OF DIABETES
Anyone who perceives symptoms of diabetes should be examined to detect the disease.
With this test the average level of blood glucose is measured during the last 2 or 3 months. It is considered advantageous since you must not fast or drink anything.4
FASTING PLASMA GLUCOSE (FGP)
It is a test that consists of measuring the level of glucose in the blood at a given time. It is best to do the exam in the morning, they must have spent at least 8 hours without intake of any type of food at most only water.4
ORAL GLUCOSE TOLERANCE TEST (OGTT)
This test measures your blood glucose after you have been fasting for at least 8 hours, but not more than 16 hours.5 A professional will take a blood test of fasting glucose, then you should take a glucose-containing fluid. The glucose is re-measured 2 hours after taking the liquid4
TEST OF RANDOM PLASMA GLUCOSE
This is the simplest tests since it does not require fasting, it can be done at any time of the day. It is usually done when the patient has symptoms of severe diabetes.4
Your doctor will tell you which option you recommend diagnosing if you are diabetic and even prediabetic. The following table shows the values for each of the diagnostic tests.
4. American Diabetes Association. (2019). American Diabetes Association. Retrieved from www.diabetes.org
5. Baynes, H. (2015). Classification, Pathophysiology, Diagnosis and Management of Diabetes. Journal of Diabetes and Metabolism.