The main objective of the medication when you suffer from high blood pressure is to decrease it to a value lower than 140/90 mmHg and if you are diabetic the ideal is less than 135/80 mmHg and with this decrease the risk that you will suffer from diseases that compromise the heart and kidneys. To this should be added changes in lifestyle.
Your doctor can prescribe different medications, and these will work if you take them regularly, even after your blood pressure drops you may need to take them for life9.
The following medications act in different ways, but with the common goal of decreasing and maintaining blood pressure in your body at constant and normal values.
**Not all medicines might be available in your country. Talk to a health care professional**
REMEMBER TO CONTINUE WITH YOUR TREATMENT
A chronic disease such as high blood pressure cannot be ignored. Generally, patients do not perceive symptoms that indicate that something is not right in their body and they tend to think that it is not important to continue with the treatment. It is important that you and your doctor seek the ideal treatment to keep the disease under control.
When we talk about adherence to treatment, we talk about compliance with the instructions given by your doctor to take the treatment and this includes dose and time, that is, the exact amount of medication and at specified times, even adherence to treatment must be accompanied by changes in lifestyle.10
If a patient has a correct adherence to treatment, it can reduce the chances of suffering a myocardial infarction, stroke, heart failure or renal failure.10
WHAT SHOULD MY DOCTOR KNOW BEFORE PRESCRIBING THE MEDICATION?
Before taking this medication, tell your doctor if you have or have ever had:
It is important that you know that having high blood pressure should always follow the treatment prescribed by your doctor. We give you the following tips to make it easier to start adapting your treatment during your day-to-day activities.
CELEBRATE LIFE GIVES YOU THE FOLLOWING RECOMMENDATIONS
HOW SHOULD I STORE THIS TYPE OF MEDICATION?
Store at room temperature. Keep the container closed. Do not place it in very humid environments, heat or bright light. Remember to always store your medicines out of the reach of children.
MONITOR YOUR BLOOD PRESSURE FROM HOME
WHAT EQUIPMENTO DO I NEED IN MY HOME?
To measure your blood pressure from home, you can do it with an aneroid or digital blood pressure monitor. In case you use an aneroid blood pressure monitor, it is best to have someone else know how to take blood pressure since it is much easier for them to do it for you, besides the value taken will be more accurate.11
If you use a digital sphygmomanometer (device to measure blood pressure), you can do it yourself since the inflation of the cuff begins with the touch of a button on the device. This type of tensiometers are easier to use, the values obtained will be easy to read from the screen of the device and even some can read the value from a paper.11
HOW TO MEASURE MY BLOOD PRESSURE?
Before you start measuring your blood pressure, you should11
With the two steps above ready you can take your pressure. Whether you do it with an aneroid or digital blood pressure monitor, you must follow the same instructions
What do the values mean in your readings?
Every time you take your blood pressure it is important that you keep a check on it, you can indicate the date, time and value of your blood pressure. In the following table you can see what your results mean.
1. American Heart Association. (2017). High Blood Preasure. Obtenido de AHA: https://www.heart.org/-/media/data-import/downloadables/whatishighbloodpressure_span-ucm_316246.pdf
9. American Heart Association. (2017). ¿Qués son los medicamentos para la presión arterial alta? Obtenido de AHA: https://www.heart.org/-/media/data-import/downloadables/abh-spanish-what-is-high-blood-pressure-medicine-ucm_497884.pdf
10. Sociedad Argentina de Hipertensión Arterial. (2017). ¿Por qué es importante la adherencia al tratamiento? Obtenido de Sociedad Argentina de Hipertensión Arterial: http://www.saha.org.ar/rincon-del-hipertenso/importancia-del-tratamiento
11. American Academy of Family Physicians. (2018). Monitoreo de la presión arterial en el hogar. Obtenido de Familydoctor.org: https://es.familydoctor.org/monitoreo-de-la-presion-arterial-en-el-hogar/