If you have asthma it is risky if you are a smoker. Tobacco, the main component of cigarettes, is considered a potent trigger for asthma symptoms as well as irritating the airways.29
More than tobacco as such, the smoke that occurs when smoking whether cigars, cigarettes or pipes damages the respiratory system and, in a patient, diagnosed with asthma this system is even more sensitive, so it easily reacts to any trigger.29
Tobacco smoke contains many irritants that adhere to a moist coating of the respiratory tract and this can trigger episodes of asthma.29 It is very common that the lungs of asthmatic patients and smokers are more damaged than those of patients who do not.
Remember that it not only affects being a direct smoker. The relationship with people who smoke or if there are family members who smoke can affect you because in the clothes of these people adhere particles from smoking and you can get to inhale them.
CELEBRATE LIFE GIVES YOU THE FOLLOWING RECOMMENDATIONS
Avoid contact with tobacco smoke
If you are staying in a hotel, try to ask for a non-smoking room
Avoid frequenting places where smoking is allowed
Always keep the windows open if someone smokes indoors
Do not let them smoke in your home
ASTHMA AND PREGNANCY
WHAT ARE THE RISKS OF POORLY CONTROLLED OR SEVERE ASTHMA IN PREGNANCY?
Restricted fetal growth
Low birth weight
High blood pressure
In extreme cases, the baby's life may be in danger
CAN ASTHMA WORSEN IN PREGNANCY?
Although asthma is classified by severity, that is, from the least serious to the most serious, this classification should not change during pregnancy if you have stayed with the appropriate care. If asthma worsens the symptoms are more noticeable during the first and third trimesters of pregnancy, but the severity is related if before pregnancy you did not follow the appropriate treatment.30
CAN I TAKE MY ASTHMA MEDICATION IF I AM PREGNANT?
It is always important that you are in contact with your doctor and do not stop taking medications. One concern that expectant mothers have is taking medications while they are pregnant, but the risks of untreated asthma are much greater than the risks of asthma treatment.32
The use of oral corticosteroids is not recommended for the treatment of asthma during pregnancy. However, in case of a severe asthma attack its use is contemplated.32
HOW CAN I AVOID COMPLICATION OF ASTHMA IN PREGNANCY?
When you take care of yourself you are also taking care of your baby, Celebrate Life gives you the following recommendations
Take your medications as directed by your doctor
Do not smoke or stay near people who do
Avoid being close to asthma triggers (dust, pollen, animals, cold, humidity)
Attend your prenatal consultations on a regular basis
Control Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)
ASTHMA AND EXERCISE
Exercise is an ideal complement to lead a healthy lifestyle. It is known that exercise can be an asthma trigger, but not for this you should avoid it altogether.
In exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) or exercise-induced asthma the airways in the lungs are narrowed by physical activity. It is common for asthmatic patients to have asthma attacks while they exercise but depending on the handling that is given to each patient, the intensity with which this attack is present or even does not happen.
WHAT IS THE REASON WHY EXERCISE CAN INDUCE ASTHMA?
In general, those who suffer from asthma induced by exercise are very sensitive to low temperatures and dry air. During high-intensity physical activity breathing is done through the mouth, this causes the cold, dry air to reach the lower part of the airways and lungs without going through the nose33 triggering the characteristic symptoms of asthma:
Ask your doctor about which exercises and how much you can do it, do not limit yourself to physical activity. Once your doctor gives you the indications about the type and amount of exercise you should do, we give you the following tips so that you keep them in mind when exercising.27
Take 5 to 10 minutes to warm up before exercise
When you start, walk slowly until speed increases
You can start exercising only your arms a few minutes, then add legs
Remember to use preventive medications before any physical activity
Be sure to exercise in a place that does not have triggers
At the end of the exercise perform cooling, you can start doing it slowing down until you get to walk
30. Mayo Clinic. (2018). El embarazo semana a semana. Retrieved from Mayo Clinic: https://www.mayoclinic.org/es-es/healthy-lifestyle/pregnancy-week-by-week/in-depth/pregnancy-and-asthma/art-20047303
31. American College of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology. (2014). Pregnancy and Asthma. Retrieved from ACCAI: https://acaai.org/asthma/who-has-asthma-and-why/pregnancy-and-asthma
32. American Academy of Allergy Asthma & Immunology . (2019). Asma y embarazo (Asthma and Pregnancy) . Retrieved from AAAAI: https://www.aaaai.org/conditions-and-treatments/library/asthma-library/SP-asthma-and-pregnancy